Posted on September 04 2022
*Check your eligibility for Canada through Canada Immigration Points Calculator for free.
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a proof-based and most effective procedure to determine the immigration candidates who have a better opportunity to flourish in the labor market of Canada. This system is being operated since the establishment of Express Entry in the year 2015, through which, the immigrants can apply for Canadian permanent residence.
Any individual who is willing to migrate to Canada through an Express Entry program, must pass through the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) is a proof-based and most effective procedure to determine the immigration candidates who have a better opportunity to flourish in the labor market of Canada.
The immigration candidates under the Express Entry are scored using the points-based system depending on the criteria of core human capital factors mentioned below and then are ranked against each other based on their CRS scores.
The federal government in Canada uses the Express Entry system to fast-track the applications for three immigration programs to bring in skilled workers.
The CRS is applicable and will be given only to the candidates with eligibility for under one of the three Express Entry programs:
The basic points that are made available to the immigration candidates are almost up to 600 depending on the:
Immigration applicants can receive an additional points of 600 depending on:
The additional and core points in total build every applicant’s CRS score.
Every foreign national are given access to check their CRS score by using Canada’s free online eligibility points calculator if they are eligible for atleast one of the Express Entry program and:
The Online CRS calculator helps determine the Eligibility for FSW, FST, and CEC programs
The foreign national who wishes to immigrate to Canada as a skilled worker will be able to find out which program is best suitable for them. Eligible applicants can apply for one of the three federal programs that use Express Entry and the government's website will advise them on the next steps.
The CRS scores are calculated using different factors, which can go up to 1200 points high, and receiving the invitation to apply (ITA) depends on the highest score.
There are four categories under which CRS points are scored:
Core or human capital factors can increase up to 500 points approximately. The points are divided by;
|Language||Education||Age||Canadian work experience||Total number of points|
The maximum points are awarded to those individuals in the prime of their working life. The immigration candidates score 100 points in their early 20s, progressively declining from age 30 until reaching zero points for those aged 45 and older.
|Age (in years)||With an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 100)||Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 110)|
|under 18||0 points||0 points|
|45 or older||0||0|
All Express Entry program requires an approximate number of skilled work experience in an occupation categorized under the skill levels of 0, A, or B of Canada’s National Occupation Classification (NOC).
*Read more about… 16 new occupations added to Canada Express Entry NOC list
According to Statistics Canada research, candidates with Canadian experience are awarded additional points that promote stable economic outcomes among those who worked in Canada before acquiring permanent residence.
With more than five years of Canadian work experience, a single candidate can score up to 80 points, while the minimum requirement of one year is 40.
|Number of years||Principal applicant (maximum 70 points)||With an accompanying spouse (maximum 10 points)||Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 80)|
|Less than 1||0 points||0 points||0 points|
|5 years or more||70||10||80|
The immigration candidates are expected to complete a test authorized by the Canadian government in one of Canada’s official languages, such as English or French.
A Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of less than 4 or 5 points will lead to a 0, whereas the candidates with a CLB 7 will receive 23, and CLB 10 and above will receive 34 points.
The points mentioned below are for each language ability: speaking, writing, reading, and listening, respectively.
|Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)||Principal Applicant (maximum 128 points)||With an accompanying spouse (maximum 20 points)||Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 136)|
|For each language ability||32 points||
|CLB 3 or lower||0||0|
|CLB 10 or higher||32||5||34|
Each candidate can increase their CRS score by showing proof of completing secondary or post-secondary education in Canada. They may also submit an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) that offers the required education outside Canada.
Also read... Know few things about ECA and Re-credentialing
A candidate with a bachelor’s degree or a three-year program at a college, university, technical or trade school, or any other institute scores up to 120 points as more years of education will result in more points.
More extended programs such as Ph.D. will score 150 points, whereas the candidates who recently completed secondary school will receive 30 points.
|Level of education||Principal applicant (maximum 140 points)||With an accompanying spouse (maximum 10 points)||Without an accompanying spouse (maximum points available: 150)|
|Less than secondary (high) school credential||0 points||0 points||0 points|
|Secondary school credential||28||2||30|
|One-year post-secondary program||84||6||90|
|Two-year post-secondary program||91||7||98|
|Post-secondary program of 3 or more years||112||8||120|
|Two or more post-secondary programs, of which at least one was completed after a post-secondary program of three or more years||119||9||128|
|Master’s or entry-to-practice professional degree||126||10||135|
|Doctoral Degree (PhD)||140||10||150|
It is very important to focus on factors which would increase your CRS score which increases the chances:
If a candidate has completed their language testing and submitted their ECA, it is necessary to submit an Express Entry application as the candidate has a chance of receiving an ITA under the Express Entry pool.
There is no limit to the times a candidate can submit their language test scores, and there is always a chance for improving other human capital scores. The IRCC will use the highest score from the candidate’s profile, so the candidate needs to update their Express Entry profile.
*For more information, check out the Y-Axis blog page…
In response to Canada’s ever-evolving policies and economic priorities, the CRS cut-offs are constantly changing. The IRCC does not stop the candidates from entering the Express Entry pool and applying to other provincial and federal immigration programs.
Language proficiency plays a crucial role in your CRS score calculation. The language score are assessed based on the following four skills:
Every skill is allotted with a separate CLB score. To gain this you need to have at least CLB 4 to gain points and make a note that, a large jump can be observed from CLB 6 and 9.
For instance, if your score is increased to CLB 7 from CLB 4, that means 8 extra points are added as per your ability.
Candidates applying for FSWP should score a at least CLB 7, in all the four factors. Immigration candidates with a CLB 7 are even qualified for Express Entry. If French is your second language, you can easily score 6 points. Whereas, if it is your first language, then you have to get NCLC 7 or more on all the English skills (Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening) then only you can score additional 6 points.
Overseas work experience is not considered in CRS score. Instead, it is better to have high skilled work experience related to your studies along with a score of CLB 7 or more, helps you to get a better score.
As per the policies, the immigrants who are applying through FSWP should have at least one-year skilled work experience along with CLB score of 7.
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