The easing of restrictions on travel by many countries has only led to an increase in the number of COVID-19 pandemic cases. In light of this situation, WHO has advised world nations to lift travel restrictions gradually, in a phased manner.
A point that has been emphasized is the priority given to essential travel. Essential travel, as per WHO, includes travel done for:
- essential personal reasons (viz. providers of public health technical support and emergency responders)
- humanitarian actions (viz. medical evacuation and emergency medical flights)
WHO has also urged world nations to conduct a risk-benefit analysis. This is to center on their priorities considering the socio-economic results of travel measures, in comparison with adverse public health consequences that may occur.
People may migrate into and from a country on a visitor visa or other types of visas. While assessing the risk of the pandemic spreading in any country, many factors have to be taken into consideration like:
- The unique context of the country
- The local epidemiology and patterns of transmission
- The health and social measures taken to control the outbreak
- The capacity of health systems in both countries of departure and destination
The global health organization has cautioned that people with risky health conditions must as in being sick or carrying a possibility of infection must not indulge in international travel.
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO’s Director-General, said during an online news announcement that if adhering to health measures will help all of us to beat the pandemic. These health measures include:
- Wearing masks in public
- Not making crowds and avoiding them
- Maintaining good hygiene
- Resist the habit of touching the face
He projected the examples of countries like South Korea, Germany, China, and Canada to emphasize how it is possible to keep the pandemic at bay with these simple health measures.
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