Are you aware that UK immigration has a points-based system? If you are planning to migrate to and work in UK then knowledge about this points-based system will help you a lot. It will help you understand the requirements to be met and how to improve your points to come ahead in the selection process.
The UK Immigration Points-Based System
Anyone except Irish citizens moving to the UK in order to work has to meet certain requirements which will fetch them points. Those who get enough or more points will get the visa.
If you are recruited by an employer in the UK, that employer, with a sponsor license, will have to sponsor you.
The Skilled Worker Route
The majority of jobs in the UK are accessed by overseas candidates via this immigration route. If you want to migrate to UK via this route, you will have to demonstrate that:
- you have a job offer from a sponsor licensed by the Home Office
- your job offer meets the skill level required (RQF 3 or above (A Level & equivalent))
- you speak English of a prescribed standard
Moreover, the salary offered for the job must meet a certain minimum salary threshold that’s applicable as per the rule. It should be either of the following:
- £25,600, the general salary threshold, or
- the occupation’s specific salary requirement called the ‘going rate’
If the salary offered is lesser than the minimum salary threshold, yet under £20,480, you can still be eligible provided:
- It’s a specific occupation facing a shortage of workers that’s been offered
- You hold a Ph.D. relevant to the job
- You hold a Ph.D. in a STEM subject that has relevance to the job
List of mandatory/tradeable features with respective points
|Features||Mandatory (M)/Tradeable (T)||Points|
|Job offer by an approved sponsor||M||20|
|Job at a skill level that’s appropriate||M||20|
|Speaking English at a prescribed level||M||10|
|The higher of either a salary of £20,480 to £23,039 or a minimum of 80% of the going rate for the occupation||T||0|
|The higher of either a salary of £23,040 to £25,599 or a minimum of 90% of the going rate for the occupation||T||10|
|The higher of either a salary of £25,600 or at least the going rate for the occupation||T||20|
|Job in an occupation facing worker shortage as per the designation by the Migration Advisory Committee||T||20|
|Qualified with Ph.D. in a subject relevant to the job||T||10|
|Qualified with a Ph.D. in a STEM subject relevant to the job||T||20|
To identify whether a job offered meets the required skill level, they have to correspond to a SOC code with a specific skill level designated to it.
If the job offered is listed in the Shortage Occupation List, you will be charged lesser application fees.
Global Talent Route
If you are a highly skilled individual with the required number of points, you can arrive in the UK without a job offer via Global Talent Route. For this route, you need to be endorsed by a recognized body in the UK. It must be approved by the Home Office.
If you have won an eligible award, then also you can enter the UK to work on a Global Talent visa. It doesn’t take a licensed sponsor to employ you under this route.
This route aims at attracting highly skilled professionals in engineering, humanities, science, digital technology.
If you are going to study in UK, after you complete your graduation, you can use this route to stay back and work in UK. If you have completed graduation, at any skill level, you will be permitted to stay and look for work or work in UK for 2 years. If you have got a doctorate, you will be allowed to stay for 3 years.
You don’t need a sponsor to bring you into the UK under this route. You can switch to a different visa like a Skilled Worker Visa once this visa has reached expiry.
Through different routes, you can arrive in the UK and work in the country. Your eligibility will be determined by the points you score in the points-based UK immigration system.
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SOC – Standard Occupational Classification