CANADA EXPRESS ENTRY
Before the Express Entry System was introduced, immigrants were invited on a “first come, first served” basis.
In 2015, Canada launched the Express Entry system that made immigration possible on the basis of eligibility rather than the stacking order.
An online application management system, Express Entry is used by the federal government of Canada to handle permanent residence applications from skilled workers.
The Express Entry system comes under the department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Three of the main economic immigration programs of Canada are handled through IRCC Express Entry. These are –
 Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
 Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
 Candian Experience Class (CEC).
[*] Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) also has various immigration pathways or ‘streams’ linked with the federal Express Entry system.
There are two major factors that make Canada Express Entry a smooth and flexible system for economic immigration:
- The Comprehensive Ranking System ranks immigration candidates on the basis of factors like age, education, work experience, and proficiency in English/French.
- The adaptability of rounds of invitation for immigration whereby specific and precise requirements of federal or provincial labor markets can be met by customizing the eligibility criteria of candidates.
BENEFITS OF CANADA EXPRESS ENTRY
- Most popular Canada immigration pathway
- Allows potential skilled immigrants to work and settle in Canada
- Thousands of immigration applications processed annually
- Main route for economic immigration to Canada
- For 2022, Canada will be welcoming 411,000. Of these, 110,500 will be through Express Entry.
- Standard processing time of within 6 months
- Faster route to permanent residence in Canada
- Eligible candidates invited to apply through the federal draws held from time to time
- No age restrictions to apply through Express Entry
- A completely online application process
- Canadian employers get to play a direct role in the recruitment of skilled foreign workers, provided they meet the Labour Impact Assessment (LMIA) requirements.
- Live and work anywhere in the country with Canadian permanent visa
- Bring your family along when you migrate to Canada through Express Entry
HOW IT WORKS
Check out whether you are eligible
There are 2 ways in which you can figure whether you have Canada PR eligibility which starts with your eligibility to enter the Express Entry system.
- Try answering the questions that will help you find out whether you meet the minimum immigration requirements
- Educate yourself on the details of requirements for each immigration program
Get all the necessary documents ready for submission
Among the documents necessary for applying to Express Entry are essential ones like language test results.
Documents required for submitting Canada Express Entry profile include:
- Proof of funds
- Language test results
- A passport/travel document
- A proof of education done in Canada or a report of Educational Credential Assessment. The latter is necessary if:
- The candidate is applying via FSWP, or
- The candidate wants to earn points for the education you had outside Canada
- A job offer in writing from a Canadian employer (if available)
- Proof of work experience (if available)
- Certificate of being qualified in a trade occupation that’s issued by a Canadian territory or province (if available)
- Provincial nomination (if available)
Upon receiving the Invitation to Apply (ITA), you will need to upload copies of the documents online. Documents required for Canada PR application include:
- Medical examination reports
- Police certificates
- Birth certificate (for declaring dependent children)
- Proof of funds
- Common-law union form (if your marital status is “common-law”)
- Representative form (if you have hired a representative)
- Marriage certificate (if your marital status is “married”)
- Divorce certificate and agreement of legal separation (if your marital status is “divorced”)
- Adoption certificate (if your dependent child is listed as “adopted”)
- Death certificate (if your marital status is “widowed”)
Depending on the immigration program the applicant is applying for, certain other documents may be asked for submission. These include:
- Digital photos for identity confirmation
- Proof of connection with a relative in Canada
- Form of authority to release personal information to a designated individual
- Other names in order to confirm aliases
- Any other document that you feel is relevant to the application
Submit your profile
Your Express Entry profile is the complete information about yourself that you give to IRCC for assessing your eligibility for Canada PR. Your profile will be checked, accepted to the candidate pool if it meets the eligibility criteria, and ranked according to a points-based system. 67-points, on a 100-point grid, will have to be secured by the candidate for being considered eligible for Canada Express Entry.
There are 6 factors assessed as part of Canada’s Skilled Immigration Points Calculation.
|Canada Express Entry – Skilled Immigration Points Calculator|
|Factor 1: Language skills||28|
|Factor 2: Education||25|
|Factor 3: Work Experience||15|
|Factor 4: Age||12|
|Factor 5: Arranged employment in Canada||10|
|Factor 6: Adaptability||10|
Factor 1: Language skills
The ability to effectively communicate in one or both of the official languages of Canada will help the immigrant establish themselves in the Canadian labour market. Up to 28 points can be secured for language skills in English and French. Of these, up to 24 points can be got for the first official language. 4 points are set aside for the second official language. Points are allotted based on an individual’s ability to read, write, speak, and listen to the language.
This ability is assessed on the basis of standardized language tests. IRCC accepts the following language tests for the Express Entry system.
|For English||IELTS: International English Language Testing System |
CELPIP: Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program
|For French||TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français |
TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français
A minimum level of CLB 7 or NCLC 7 will be needed – for the first official language, in all four language abilities – to be able to apply through IRCC Express Entry.
To get the points for the second language ability, the minimum requirement is that of CLB 5 or NCLC 4 in all abilities assessed.
|First Official Language |
(Maximum points available: 24)
|CLB level||ELTS||Scores given, per ability|
|10||7.5 – 9.0||8.5 – 9.0||8.0 – 9.0||7.5 – 9.0||6|
|Note. Below CLB 7 is not eligible to apply through the Canada Express Entry system.|
|Second Official Language |
(Maximum points available: 4)
|CLB Level||Reading||Writing||Listening||Speaking||Total Points (not per ability)|
Note. 4 points are given only for a score of at least CLB 5 in each of the 4 language abilities. No points for CLB 4 or less in any of the 4 abilities.
Factor 2: Education
Those with foreign education will be required to get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report “for immigration purposes”. An ECA Report is needed to establish the equivalency of your foreign credential to the Canadian level.
The ECA Report must establish that the foreign education acquired is equal to a completed diploma/degree/certificate from either a post-secondary or secondary institution in Canada.
The Canadian or foreign credential – along with the ECA Report in case of foreign credential – will have to be included when applying for Canada PR through the Express Entry system.
|Education Qualification |
(Maximum points available: 25)
|Professional / Master’s degree||23|
|2 or more Postgraduate credentials or certificate courses||22|
|3 years or longer post-secondary educational credential||21|
|2-year post-secondary qualifications||19|
|1-year post-secondary program qualification||15|
|Secondary School Education||5|
Factor 3: Work Experience
To be counted towards the work experience criterion, the work done must be full-time paid work. The work done can be either full-time for 30 hours in a week, or an equivalent amount of part-time work, that is, 15 hours weekly across a period of 24 months.
The work experience must have been gained while working at either –
- Skill Type 0 (management jobs),
- Skill Level A (professional jobs requiring a university degree), or
- Skill Level B (technical jobs requiring a college diploma or apprentice training).
To claim points on the eligibility calculation, the work experience can be acquired in Canada or abroad.
|Work Experience |
(Maximum points available: 15)
|Experience, in years||Points|
|6 or more years||15|
Factor 4: Age
Here, the maximum available points for the factor of age can be secured when applying between 18 to 35 years of age.
While you can apply to Canada Express Entry even after 47 years of age, you will be given no eligibility points on the age factor.
Do keep in mind that you will be allotted points based on your age as on the day that IRCC gets your Canada PR application.
(Maximum points available: 12)
|Age, in years||Points|
|47 and older||0|
Factor 5: Arranged employment in Canada
To claim points for arranged employment in Canada, you must have a job offer, from a Canadian employer, for a minimum of 1 year.
The job offer in Canada must have been secured by your before you apply to the Express Entry system.
The job offer in Canada must be –
- Minimum 30 hours a week,
- Not seasonal,
- For at least 1 year, and
- In an occupation listed on the NOC as Skill Type 0, Skill Level A, or Skill Level B.
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) will only confirm valid job offers for occupations listed on the NOC under Skill Type 0, or Skill Level A or B.
To claim 10 points for arranged employment in Canada, you must fulfil certain specific conditions, which include –
- Currently working in Canada on a work permit,
- Currently working in Canada in a job exempt from the LMIA requirement
- Don’t have a work permit, and don’t intend working in Canada. Your Canadian employer has a LMIA and has made you a job offer based on that, and subject to you being accepted as a skilled worker.
- Must have a valid work permit or are allowed to work in Canada without a work permit.
Factor 6: Adaptability
By ‘adaptability’ is implied as to the likelihood of the main applicant and their accompanying spouse/partner successfully settling in Canada as permanent residents.
The main applicant as well as their spouse or common law partner can gain points under this factor when they migrate to Canada under IRCC Express Entry.
(Maximum points available: 10)
|Adaptability factor||PMaximum points|
|Main applicant: Past work in Canada||10|
|Main applicant: Arranged employment in Canada||5|
|Main applicant: Past studies in Canada||5|
|Spouse/partner: Language level of at least CLB 4 in each of the abilities, in either English or French||5|
|Spouse/partner: Past studies in Canada||5|
|Spouse/partner: Past work in Canada||5|
|Main applicant or spouse/partner: Relatives in Canada||5|
RECEIVE AN ITA FOR CANADA PR
IRCC issues invitations to apply (ITAs) to immigration candidates who get the highest scores in the Express Entry pool.
Once invited, you will have 60 days to submit your Canada PR application.
Applying for permanent residence in Canada through the Express Entry system is by invitation-only. You cannot submit your application unless specifically invited by IRCC to do so.
It is the highest-ranked – as per the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score – that are invited to apply in the federal draws held from time to time.
A nomination by a province or territory part of the provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is worth 600 CRS points in itself, thereby guaranteeing an ITA by IRCC.
Express Entry Draws in 2021
|Express Entry Draws in 2021 – as on December 31, 2021 Total IRCC draws in 2021 so far: 42 |
Total ITAs in 2021 so far: 114,431
[Note. PNP nomination = 600 CRS points]
|Sl. No.||Draw No.||Invited||Date of Draw||Time of Draw||CRS cut-off||ITAs issued||Tie-breaking rule applied|
|1||#171||PNP||January 6, 2021||14:39:02 UTC||CRS 813||250||November 2, 2020 at 11:11:52 UTC|
|2||#172||CEC||January 7, 2021||14:15:32 UTC||CRS 461||4,750||September 12, 2020 at 20:46:32 UTC|
|3||#173||PNP||January 20, 2021||14:13:12 UTC||CRS 741||374||September 5, 2020 at 19:39:04 UTC|
|4||#174||CEC||January 21, 2021||14:22:20 UTC||CRS 454||4,626||July 23, 2020 at 17:32:00 UTC|
|5||#175||PNP||February 10, 2021||14:31:18 UTC||CRS 720||654||August 14, 2020 at 06:51:00 UTC|
|6||#176||CEC||February 13, 2021||11:56:56 UTC||CRS 75||27,332||September 12, 2020 at 15:31:40 UTC|
|7||#177||PNP||March 08, 2021||13:53:21 UTC||CRS 739||671||February 16, 2021 at 19:10:25 UTC|
|8||#178||PNP||March 17, 2021||11:49:48 UTC||CRS 682||183||March 04, 2021 at 16:56:20 UTC|
|9||#179||CEC||March 18, 2021||11:30:56 UTC||CRS 449||5,000||February 19, 2021 at 15:59:57 UTC|
|10||#180||PNP||March 31, 2021||11:21:22 UTC||CRS 778||284||March 16, 2021 at 16:09:32 UTC|
|11||#181||CEC||April 1, 2021||11:04:53 UTC||CRS 432||5,000||February 16, 2021 at 09:51:22 UTC|
|12||#182||PNP||April 14, 2021||11:01:51 UTC||CRS 753||266||March 01, 2021 at 15:22:18 UTC|
|13||#183||CEC||April 16, 2021||21:35:52 UTC||CRS 417||6,000||March 01, 2021 at 19:53:46 UTC|
|14||#184||PNP||April 28, 2021||11:00:02 UTC||CRS 717||381||March 16, 2021 at 21:20:50 UTC|
|15||#185||CEC||April 29, 2021||10:34:05 UTC||CRS 400||6,000||April 24, 2021 at 15:24:49 UTC|
|16||#186||PNP||May 12, 2021||10:28:53 UTC||CRS 752||557||April 29, 2021 at 10:18:12 UTC|
|17||#187||CEC||May 13, 2021||16:50:04 UTC||CRS 401||4,147||April 29, 2021 at 11:48:14 UTC|
|18||#188||CEC||May 20, 2021||10:10:54 UTC||CRS 397||1,842||April 24, 2021 at 12:09:24 UTC|
|19||#189||PNP||May 26, 2021||10:41:44 UTC||CRS 731||500||April 06, 2021 at 09:50:14 UTC|
|20||#190||CEC||May 31, 2021||13:19:23 UTC||CRS 380||5,956||May 31, 2021 at 13:19:23 UTC|
|21||#191||PNP||June 9, 2021||13:16:30 UTC||CRS 711||940||February 16, 2021 at 09:06:30 UTC|
|22||#192||CEC||June 10, 2021||05:45:14 UTC||CRS 368||6,000||April 28, 2021 at 05:45:14 UTC|
|23||#193||PNP||June 23, 2021||15:41:38 UTC||CRS 742||1,002||February 18, 2021 at 04:04:56 UTC|
|24||#194||CEC||June 24, 2021||14:39:59 UTC||CRS 357||6,000||February 17, 2021 at 10:15:50 UTC|
|25||#195||PNP||July 7, 2021||13:17:37 UTC||CRS 760||627||June 14, 2021 at 07:44:05 UTC|
|26||#196||CEC||July 8, 2021||14:02:45 UTC||CRS 369||4,500||June 10, 2021 at 22:46:37 UTC|
|27||#197||PNP||July 21, 2021||13:01:45 UTC||CRS 734||462||April 11, 2021 at 10:56:32 UTC|
|28||#198||CEC||July 22, 2021||14:02:32 UTC||CRS 357||4,500||February 14, 2021 at 09:04:15 UTC|
|29||#199||PNP||August 4, 2021||13:33:36 UTC||CRS 760||512||March 5, 2021 at 22:38:31 UTC|
|30||#200||CEC||August 5, 2021||13:11:37 UTC||CRS 404||3,000||August 3, 2021 at 05:39:26 UTC|
|31||#201||PNP||August 18, 2021||14:10:39 UTC||CRS 751||463||April 13, 2021 at 16:29:29 UTC|
|32||#202||CEC||August 19, 2021||13:25:22 UTC||CRS 403||3,000||August 01, 2021 at 10:13:57 UTC|
|33||#203||PNP||September 1, 2021||13:34:47 UTC||CRS 764||635||April 12, 2021 at 12:21:45 UTC|
|34||#204||CEC||September 14, 2021||13:06:02 UTC||CRS 462||2,000||September 11, 2021 at 10:55:43 UTC|
|35||#205||PNP||September 15, 2021||14:59:17 UTC||CRS 732||521||February 24, 2021 at 10:46:54 UTC|
|36||#206||PNP||September 29, 2021||13:17:49 UTC||CRS 742||761||July 29, 2021 at 09:45:29 UTC|
|37||#207||PNP||October 13, 2021||13:13:38 UTC||CRS 720||681||March 16, 2021 at 07:53:28 UTC|
|38||#208||PNP||October 27, 2021||13:32:26 UTC||CRS 744||888||October 7, 2021 at 16:38:21 UTC|
|39||#209||PNP||November 10, 2021||17:02:21 UTC||CRS 685||775||November 10, 2021 at 17:02:21 UTC|
|40||#210||PNP||November 24, 2021||14:01:44 UTC||CRS 737||613||November 24 2021 at 14:01:44 UTC|
|41||#211||PNP||December 10, 2021||13:53:48 UTC||CRS 698||1,032||September 10, 2021 at 16:43:17 UTC|
|42||#212||PNP||December 22, 2021||16:27:24 UTC||CRS 720||746||November 24, 2021 at 16:56:42 UTC|
What is Express Entry?
Canada Express Entry is an online application management system used by IRCC for assessing and processing Canadian permanent residence applications from skilled foreign workers.
Is Express Entry a Canada immigration program?
No. Express Entry is not a program on its own. It is a system that manages applications for three programs – the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
Can I make more than one profiles in the Express Entry system of Canada?
No. Only one profile can be created per individual at any point in time.
Do I need a job in Canada to be eligible for Express Entry?
A job in Canada will get your points, thereby increasing the chances of your Canada PR visa being granted. A job offer in Canada is, however, not compulsory for applying to Express Entry.
What is the Canadian PNP?
Canada is made up of 10 provinces and three territories. Of these, 9 provinces and 2 territories are a part of the Canadian Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
Under Canadian PNP, provincial and territorial governments nominate skilled workers for permanent residence.
To take the PNP route to Canada PR, you must intend to settle within the nominating province/territory after you gain permanent residence.
What is NOC code in Canada immigration?
Occupations available in the Canadian labour market are allotted a unique 4-digit code, as per the National Occupational Classification (NOC) code. This is referred to as the NOC code for that job.
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