The number of pathways for economic immigration Canada has now is 104. The federal government and the provinces have been making their best efforts to create and maintain these pathways. They help bring in prospective immigrants from around the world.
The aim of having these diverse immigration pathways is to bring in potential immigrants. They will, with their skills and talents contribute their best to the economic growth of the country.
There are 3 main avenues that Canada employs to welcome permanent residents:
- as economic immigrants who bring both labor skills and capital
- as refugees who are welcomed into the country on humanitarian grounds
- as members of family-sponsored under the family reunification program
In fact, the economic class immigrants make up the largest share of Canada immigration. 6 in 10 of those immigrants are chosen for their positive impact on the economy. These economic migrants are highly skilled workers from abroad. They also include international students or highly skilled temporary workers already residing in Canada.
When somebody is interested in becoming a permanent resident in Canada, that candidate submits a profile to the Express Entry pool. Those profiles are electronically screened for eligibility. They are bifurcated under one of the 3 main economic immigration programs namely:
- Canadian Experience Class
- Federal Skilled Trades Class
- Federal Skilled Worker Class
The eligible candidates in the Express Entry pool are given rankings base on CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score. The score is determined based on factors such as age, work experience, education, and proficiency in English or French language.
There are immigration pilot programs that the federal government is hosting under the economic category. These include:
- Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
- Agri-Food Immigration Pilot
- Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
Another major pathway for immigrants into Canada is the PNP (Provincial Nominee Program). It was introduced in the 1990s. Today it is the second most important channel for skilled foreign workers to get Canadian permanent residence. The first position goes to Express Entry.
The growth of PNP can be well assessed from its numbers over the years. In 1996, only 233 people came to Canada via the program. Today, the program’s admission targets are set at more than 60,000 immigrants.
Through the PNP, Canadian provinces and territories can nominate a certain number of immigration candidates for permanent residence every year via its own unique program.
Each province that nominates immigrants consider the suitability and potential of the candidates in meeting the specific needs of their labor market and overall priorities for economic growth. This constitutes the major theme of economic immigration in Canada.
Every province or territory of Canada has a PNP stream that is enhanced and linked to the federal Express Entry system.
The Express Entry candidates who get provincial nomination have 600 extra point added to their original CRS scores. This in effect guarantees them an ITA (Invitation to Apply) for permanent residence in Canada.
If you are looking to Study, Work, Visit, Invest or Migrate to Canada, talk to Y-Axis, the World’s No.1 Immigration & Visa Company.
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