UK Skilled Worker Visa: Shortage Occupations

With the introduction of the Skilled Worker Visa in December 2020, employers in the UK who wish to hire individuals from abroad under the Skilled Worker visa can do so only if the occupation is in the Skill Shortage Occupation List.

The occupations in the list are decided by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) which chooses the occupations based on the needs of UK businesses. A job on the shortage list indicates that there are not enough native U.K workers to meet the talent requirements in that particular sector. In order to hire for jobs on the list, employers need not apply for the resident labor market test.

Occupation code Job types included on the shortage occupations list Areas of the UK where there is a shortage Annual salary (80% of going rate)
2111 Chemical scientists – only jobs in the nuclear industry Scotland only 80% of going rate: £21,360(£10.53 per hour)
2112 Biological scientists and biochemists – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £23,760(£11.72 per hour)
2113 Physical scientists – only the following jobs in the construction-related ground engineering industry: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £29,200(£14.40 per hour)
engineering geologist
hydrogeologist
geophysicist
2113 Physical scientists – only the following jobs in the oil and gas industry: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £29,200(£14.40 per hour)
geophysicist
geoscientist
geologist
geochemist
technical services manager in the decommissioning and waste areas of the nuclear industry
senior resource geologist and staff geologist in the mining sector
2114 Social and humanities scientists – only archaeologists England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £20,720(£10.22 per hour)
2121 Civil engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £28,000(£13.81 per hour)
2122 Mechanical engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,720(£13.18 per hour)
2123 Electrical engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £29,600(£14.60 per hour)
2124 Electronics engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £27,760(£13.69 per hour)
2126 Design and development engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £27,280(£13.45 per hour)
2127 Production and process engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,480(£13.06 per hour)
2129 Engineering professionals not elsewhere classified – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,160(£12.90 per hour)
2135 IT business analysts, architects and systems designers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £29,280(£14.44 per hour)
2136 Programmers and software development professionals – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,640(£13.14 per hour)
2137 Web design and development professionals – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £20,800(£10.26 per hour)
2139 Information technology and communications professionals not elsewhere classified – only cyber security specialists England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £25,440(£12.54 per hour)
2216 Veterinarians – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,000(£12.82 per hour)
2425 Actuaries, economists and statisticians – only bio-informaticians and informaticians England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £26,240(£12.94 per hour)
2431 Architects – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £28,000(£13.81 per hour)
2461 Quality control and planning engineers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £24,400(£12.03 per hour)
3411 Artists – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £16,800(£8.28 per hour)
3414 Dancers and choreographers – only skilled classical ballet dancers or skilled contemporary dancers who meet the standard required by internationally recognised UK ballet or contemporary dance companies. England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £23,840(£11.76 per hour)
The company must be endorsed as being internationally recognised by a UK industry body such as the Arts Councils (of England, Scotland or Wales).
3415 Musicians – only skilled orchestral musicians who are leaders, principals, sub-principals or numbered string positions, and who meet the standard required by internationally recognised UK orchestras. England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £22,000(£10.85 per hour)
The orchestra must be endorsed as being internationally recognised by the Association of British Orchestras.
3416 Arts officers, producers and directors – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £24,000(£11.83 per hour)
3421 Graphic designers – all jobs England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £18,800(£9.27 per hour)
5215 Welding trades – only high integrity pipe welders, where the job requires 3 or more years’ related on-the-job experience England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 80% of going rate: £18,240(£8.99 per hour)
5434 Chefs – only skilled chefs where all of the following requirements are met: England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland £29,570 – see description
the pay for which points are awarded is at least £29,570 per year; and
the job requires 5 or more years’ relevant experience in a role of at least equivalent status; and
the job is not in either a fast food or standard fare outlet; and
the job is in one of the following roles:
executive chef – limited to 1 per establishment
head chef – limited to 1 per establishment
sous chef – limited to 1 for every 4 kitchen staff per establishment
specialist chef – limited to 1 per speciality per establishment

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